Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino

Cultures > Arid North > Cabuza

Social organization

Archeologists believe that the Cabuza had the same hierarchical structure as the Tiwanaku Empire, as their cemeteries contain graves of high ranking officials with grave goods and offerings similar in design and quality to those produced in the imperial capital. These graves are thought to be those of Tiwanaku officials who were responsible for overseeing the work performed by the colonists and their families. Study of the mummies of this elite group reveals that they enjoyed a better quality of life than regular Cabuza peasants, although their shared identity is expressed in common cultural traits. The Cabuza lived in small family groups that were also associated with larger groupings that included all those inhabiting a given valley or series of neighboring valleys.