Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino

Cultures > Arid North > Cabuza


The economy of the Cabuza communities was agriculture-based, and they adopted several new farming tools and more complex irrigation techniques to grow maize, several kinds of squash, beans, quinoa, jicama, and coca, among other crops. Under the rule of the Tiwanaku Empire, the goods they produced were taken to the settlements of the Titicaca basin by llama caravan. The Cabuza also introduced new textile techniques that prompted changes in decorative designs, and manufactured new items made from the cloth they wove, such as bags called chuspas. They practiced gold and silver metallurgy, making jewelry such as pendants and rings with llama figurines. From copper they manufactured small bells and from bronze, farming implements.