Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino

Cultures > Southern > Terrestrial hunters of the far south of Chile

Patrón de Asentamiento

For thousands of years these people made largely opportunistic use of rock shelters and open air sites, living a highly mobile way of life in the steppe regions of Patagonia. Around the turn of the first millennium, certain changes in the groups’ settlement patterns can be seen, possibly influenced by warmer temperatures and a relatively drier local climate. Relatively stable residential camps began to emerge in the most advantageous steppe locations, and the use of tents in open air sites became more common. Meanwhile, the wooded areas of the foothills and the coast saw sporadic and seasonal use of tents, linked to the exploitation of specific resources. More burial sites, particularly of the chenque type, are found in and around these semi-permanent encampments.